OSAD & Agriculture Development Approach

Agriculture is the main source of income for the Afghanistan economy. Despite the fact that only 12 percent of Afghanistan’s total land area is arable and less than 6 percent is currently cultivated, more than 80 percent of Afghanistan’s population is involved in farming, herding or both. Our Agriculture organization (ODSAD) is helping Afghanistan revitalize its agricultural sector through a variety of activities aimed to strengthen the capacity of the Afghan farmers and planters, rebuild agricultural products, markets, and improve introducing of natural resources. Nearly a quarter century of debilitating conflict and unrest have devastated Afghanistan, leaving several generations of Afghans out of the economic growth and development experienced elsewhere in Asia. Agriculture sector has suffered as well: Improving the livelihoods of the rural households through stimulating production and productivity of marketable perennial horticulture and livestock; Restructuring of project finalized with increased port-folio in all components including introduction of extension approach along the principles of Farmers Field School. As well as Equal participation of men and women and all walks of live e.g. economic, social, Cultural and most important education of violence upon women through holing of workshops ,courses. And also improving and development of planters and farmers in agriculture and livestock fields through vocational training by professional trainers. To enable faster economic growth and rural poverty reduction, agriculture needs to grow at least 5% per year over the next decade. But the main drivers of growth – technology, roads, irrigation, and education – have all deteriorated due to conflict, lack of maintenance, and frequent droughts. Agriculture has traditionally driven the Afghan economy, accounting for approximately 50 percent of General Development Program before the Soviet invasion in 1979. Nevertheless, the agricultural sector has never produced at full capacity. Before the invasion, only 30 percent of the total arable land of 15 million hectares was cultivated. At that time the main exports were sugarcane, sugar beets, fruit, nuts, vegetables, and wool. However, the continuing war reduced production significantly. Soviet troops planted land mines all over the country, rendering large areas of land useless and forcing large sections of the population to become refugees. The resulting cut in production caused

Education and Capacity Building program

Education and Capacity Building Objective: To improve gender parity, quality of girl’s education and literacy for women The components of the Education Program of ODSAD are Primary Education, Elementary Education and Adult Literacy. ODSAD Strategy The Strategies which are adopted by ODSAD to implement its education program components are: ⦁ Advocacy and social mobilization ⦁ Capacity Building ⦁ Service Delivery ⦁ Providing and Protecting the Right To Have Education in conflict and disaster related emergency situations The impact of this program is to reduce gender disparity, increase acceptance for girls’ education at community level, increase resource allocation for girls’ education, provide, improve and increase infrastructure for education besides enhancing the women literacy rate, increase the enrollment rate of girls and reduce dropout rate at primary level for girls. Types of Beneficiaries The type of beneficiaries includes girls, boys, and women from all socio-economic status and groups such as orphans, people with special needs and minorities.

Disaster Management

ODSADas experienced organization since 2009 working in Emergency particularly after natural disaster and social disaster such violence and internal war displacement.
As usual ODSADas standby and prepared disaster management team and deploy to the field in a very short time to provide the following activity.
1- Distribution of food and nonfood material as argent needs.
2- Medical and psychological first aid, though the physical needs sometimes provide by other agency in the time of vent, but in same case if still needs ODSADprovide.
3- As expert organization ODSADwith national and international psychologist providing trauma healing session in emergency for those who experienced traumatic events.
4- Based on experty and experience ODSADprovide community based child protection within IDP, Refugee and returnee I order to minimize the risk for children, with approach of child friendly space, child to child, as well support group for parents and training of community based volunteers.

Civil Rights and Women Rights

⦁ Civil Rights and Women Rights Objective: Women are aware of and demand their civil rights The program seeks to empower communities with the rights which should already be granted by the state but may not be implemented at the local level. The civil rights component focus on Citizenship right, Inheritance rights, Political rights, Family rights and Rights to justice. ODSAD Strategy ODSAD believes that filling civil rights gaps serves a greater purpose of building a society where everyone should enjoy their rights and perform their responsibilities peacefully with the following approach. i.e. ⦁ Advocacy and social mobilization ⦁ Capacity Building ⦁ Service Delivery ⦁ Providing and Protecting the Civil Rights in especially in conflict and emergency related situations ODSAD strategy towards civil rights is intended to impact on local mechanisms and forums that are available for ensuring that women are accessing their civil rights, more women leaders are emerging for contesting elections, more women are part of decision making bodies (at all levels), more women are availing their inheritance rights, family rights and right to justice and increased positive image of women in media. As ODSAD is aware of the fact that civil rights are pivotal to the development process, ODSAD strives to work in the backward areas which suffer from mis-governance. Hence capacity building, awareness and empowerment of communities and government office holders in these backward areas is inevitable for any sort of development. Types of Beneficiaries The types of beneficiaries with which ODSAD works include urban and rural women and girls. This includes urban and rural GBV survivors, disabled, minorities, and disaster affected girls and women.

Health Services

⦁ Health Services Objective: To improve the health status of women and children ODSAD assists the targets groups i.e. women and children by provision of health facility in the following components: ⦁ Maternal and neo-natal health ⦁ Health & Nutrition Education ⦁ HIV & AIDS (SRHR for women and adolescent girls) ⦁ WASH (provision of safe and clean drinking water; and sanitation (latrines) ODSAD Strategy On a larger scale there is the need for women to be able to claim their health rights and adopt ODSAD strategies: ⦁ Advocacy and social mobilization ⦁ Capacity Building ⦁ Service Delivery ⦁ Providing and Protecting Health rights in emergency situations Impact The expected impact of this program that is implemented at community level is the reduction in morbidity, enhanced awareness on basic health issues (MNH, SRHR, HIV AIDs) and Women health issues. Types of beneficiaries They range in all ages and gender

Accountability is a key requirement of good governance. Not only governmental institutions but also the private sector and civil society organizations must be accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders. Who is accountable to whom varies depending on whether decisions or actions taken are internal or external to an organization or institution. In general, an organization or an institution is accountable to those who will be affected by its decisions or actions. Accountability cannot be enforced without transparency and the rule of law.

To build the capacity of members of the civil society, Local Shuras, religious leaders, provincial council members and women groups will improve the anticorruption and promote accountability

What Does ODSAD Do?

⦁ The services being delivered by ODSAD in the field are as below: ⦁ Agriculture Development ⦁ Capacity Building ⦁ Capacity building for natural disasters DRR ⦁ Education, Trainings, Workshops ⦁ Protecting Human Rights ⦁ Reducing Gender-based Violence ⦁ Empowering Women and Girls ⦁ Combating Child, Early and Forced Marriages ⦁ Increase Education for Girls ⦁ Promoting Accountability & Transparency ⦁ Empowering Women in Crisis and Conflict ⦁ Advancing Reproductive Health ⦁ Promoting Health and Hygiene through WASH and Sanitation ⦁ Access to Justice ⦁ Livelihood Programs for IDPs, Refugees and Returnees ⦁ Rapid Response Mechanism ⦁ Providing temporary shelters, hygiene kits and food/NFIs/winterization items ⦁ Conduct Life skill trainings and vocational skill trainings ⦁ Conduct social sector related trainings ⦁ Conduct management and organizational trainings ⦁ Design and establish Business Incubation Centers for Women and girls ⦁ Conduct gender based entrepreneurial trainings ⦁ Shelter, Food Security & Livelihood (FSL) ⦁ Job placements for women and girls with establishment of job placement center Strategy: ODSAD expects that the household income can increase and as a part of this the self-growth and confidence and mobility of women is increased and enhanced. The overall economic status of women should also increase in society and for this following strategies have been developed: ⦁ Advocacy and social mobilization ⦁ Capacity Building ⦁ Service Delivery (provision of in-kind inputs) Impact: The expected impact of empowering women economically is that it will result in increased access to financial services for women; increased level of women incomes; increase in number of self-employed women; increased number of women registered with women chamber of commerce; increased number of women involved in trade; and increased access and control of women over economic resources. Types of beneficiaries: This includes: Marginalized women entrepreneurs, home based workers, crafts women, farmers, woman headed households, widows, divorcees, unmarried women, second wives, disabled women, orphan women and girls, individuals deprived of land ownership with no other source of income, poor women or women in households with an irregular source of income, and all other women between the ages of 16-60 years old.

What Does Organization for Developing Services and Agriculture Development (ODSAD)

The services being delivered by ODSAD in the field are as below:

The main principles ODSAD wants to follow:

1. Agriculture Development

2. Capacity Building

3. Capacity building for natural disasters DRR

4. Education, Trainings, Workshops

5. Protecting Human Right

6. Reducing Gender-based Violence

7. Empowering Women and Girls

8. Combating Child, Early and Forced Marriagest

6. Reducing Gender-based Violence

7. Increase Education for Girls

8. Empowering Women in Crisis and Conflict

9. Advancing Reproductive Health

10. Promoting Health and Hygiene through WASH and Sanitation

11. Livelihood Programs for IDPs, Refugees and Returnees

12. Rapid Response Mechanism

13. Providing temporary shelters, hygiene kits and food/NFIs/winterization items

14. Conduct Life skill trainings and vocational skill trainings

15. Conduct social sector related trainings

16. Conduct management and organizational trainings

17. Design and establish Business Incubation Centers for Women and girls

18. Conduct social sector related trainings

19. Conduct gender based entrepreneurial trainings

20. Job placements for women and girls with establishment of job placement center)

21. Shelter, Food Security & Livelihood (FSL)

Safe motherhood

As high demand and high rete of child and mother mobility Tabish, ODSADestablishing mobile clinics in order to provide safe motherhood services for women within IDP, Returnee camps as the program is basically focusing for the health of women in the camps which is including family planning, midwifery services, prenatal and post-natal care, personal and environmental hygiene, as well ODSADtrain community health worker and TBA in order to provide the basic midwifery needs.

Harm Reduction Program

ODSADMobile team regularly going to disadvantage community particularly in those place which the addicted people come together, by provide safety kits, such dressing, syringe, condom, counseling session, as well referral pathway, the team will trained in harm reduction and working with drug users,